How to Test and Fix Issues with your RAM Health on Windows 10 PC



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Is Windows being bad? Maybe it’s freezing or just laggy? It can be difficult to diagnose such a common problem. It could be software. It could be hardware. Bad memory is a potential culprit that you may not think about right away.

Sometimes your computer’s memory chips (also known as RAM) fail, although rarely. Usually they last longer than any other PC components because they have no moving parts and consume very little power. Because memory chips are some of the most important components of a computer, any failure or malfunction instantly occurs in strange and sometimes confusing ways.

It is also difficult to immediately diagnose a problem such as a RAM problem because most PCs have multiple RAM chips and not all of them fail simultaneously. When one fails and the others are functioning properly, different strange behaviours occur. Here are some of the symptoms of bad memory on a PC.

RAM drives, known for their creepy chips and random failures, are some of the most annoying hardware components that need to be identified as the cause of a technical failure. The first thing to do before digging into a tower is scan memory through Windows quickly and freely. This way, you will know if the memory sticks need to be replaced to find out what the problem is.

Hardware problems can be a huge headache in Windows. Most often, they occur when you’re using an old version of your operating system (like Windows 7 or Windows 8) or a new version (like Windows Insider).

But sometimes all you need to know is what hardware you are using. These are tools that you should definitely use in any of these cases.

Windows Memory Diagnostics Tool

Windows Memory Diagnostics

Did you know that Windows actually has a built-in tool that you can use to physically test RAM modules to make sure that they are working properly? An application called Windows Memory Diagnostic.

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When you use it, your computer will reboot. Once started, the tool will perform several tests on your RAM. If any errors or failures occur, they will do their best to tell you which module is responsible. You should replace this module as soon as possible.

To open the Windows memory diagnostic tool:

  • Enter the Windows memory diagnostic tool into the Windows search box.
  • Select “Windows Memory Diagnostics” when it appears in the pop-up window.
  • Select “Reboot now” and check for problems or “Check for problems” the next time you start your computer.

Then just let the test continue until it is finished. This may take some time, depending on your computer speed and available memory. You can press F1 and select Advanced Test for a more complete test. However, make sure you do it before you go to sleep or work out and let it work a little!

At the end of the process the Windows Memory Diagnostic Tool will show you the test results. When errors are detected, a Windows event is logged so that you can view the results as you see fit.

To see these results, check the Windows logs under System. The report has event ID 1101 or 1102 to make it easier to find. You can also do a search on the MemoryDiagnostics query if you want.

If you are lucky, you will see “The Windows MemoryDiagnostics program has checked your computer memory and found no errors”. This means that the memory is functioning correctly. Otherwise, the tool will tell you what errors were found on which memory card. Then you should delete the corresponding key, replace it with a new one and start the test again.



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